Guide to Drought Indices and Indicators Used in North America

The objective of this study was to improve the ability of regional and local decision-makers and communities to monitor and prepare for drought conditions through the development of a guide to locally relevant indicators for North American climate regions. Data were collected through an online survey that asked a series of questions on respondents’ experiences with drought in their geographical areas. A key series of questions queried the effectiveness of different drought indicators. Responses were analyzed to determine—according to the survey respondents—the most effective drought indicators for short-term and long-term drought in specific North American Köppen climate zones. Online webinars in English and Spanish were held to contribute additional information.

Long-term Impact Assessment of CEC’s Work on Forest Carbon (2013–2017)

The forests of North America play an important role in the global greenhouse gas balance by removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, storing it as “forest carbon” in forest ecosystems. Between 2013 and 2017, the Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC) invested C$770,000 in two 2-year projects focused on generating scientific information to improve our understanding […]

Long-term Impact Assessment of the North American Environmental Atlas and the North American Land Change Monitoring System (1996–2016)

Because our environment does not end at the border, the CEC has developed over the last 22 years a unique framework that harmonizes geographic information in a seamless manner across North America’s political boundaries. Its North American Environmental Atlas aims at better monitoring environmental trends and land-cover changes in the region.

Technical Report: Quantifying Food Loss and Waste and Its Impacts

Food loss and waste (FLW) is an important issue in Canada, Mexico, and the United States, where almost 170 million tonnes of the food produced for human consumption is estimated to be wasted across the supply chain (CEC 2017b), while food security and resource efficiency are considered top priorities of the national social, environmental and development policies.

Why And How To Measure Food Loss And Waste: A Practical Guide

This guide was developed as part of the Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC) Operational Plan 2017-2018 and its Measuring and Mitigating Food Loss and Waste project. The goal of the project is to improve measurement of food loss and waste (FLW) across the North American supply chain and to calculate its environmental and socioeconomic impacts. […]

Characterization and Management of Food Loss and Waste in North America

Food loss and waste (FLW) is an increasingly important issue in Canada, Mexico and the United States, where close to 170 million tonnes of food produced for human consumption are lost and wasted—across the food supply chain, including in pre-harvest and consumer sectors—each year. Food waste in landfills is a significant source of methane gas—a greenhouse gas (GHG) 25 times stronger than carbon dioxide. FLW also has environmental and socio-economic impacts, including the inefficient use of natural resources, economic loss, biodiversity loss, and public health issues.

Characterization and Management of Food Loss and Waste in North America

Food loss and waste (FLW) is an increasingly important issue in Canada, Mexico and the United States, where close to 170 million tonnes of food produced for human consumption are lost and wasted—across the food supply chain, including in pre-harvest and consumer sectors—each year. Food waste in landfills is a significant source of methane gas—a greenhouse gas (GHG) 25 times stronger than carbon dioxide. FLW also has environmental and socio-economic impacts, including: the inefficient use of natural resources; economic loss; biodiversity loss; and public health issues.

Ecosystem Function and Traditional Ecological Knowledge:

Under its 2015–2016 project, Using Ecosystem Function and Traditional Ecological Knowledge Together to Build Resilience and Adapt to Climate Change in North America, the CEC facilitated the exchange of tools, methodologies and assessments developed in Canada, Mexico and the United States to support the development of ecosystem-based, local adaptation in communities vulnerable to the effects […]

Blue Carbon Storage Variability in Eelgrass Meadows on the Pacific Coast of Canada

Coastal marine ecosystems are recognized as highly productive systems, but their potential to store and sequester organic carbon, known as blue carbon, has largely been overlooked on the Pacific Coast of North America (Nellemann et al. 2009; McLeod et al. 2011). Vegetated coastal ecosystems, such as mangroves, salt marshes, seagrass meadows, and kelp forests are […]

Blue Carbon in Tidal Wetlands of the Pacific Coast of Canada:

Recent research has focused on the high carbon accumulation rates of coastal ecosystems, such as those of mangroves, seagrasses, and salt marshes, as a means of sequestering (blue) carbon for climate mitigation purposes. Material from dead plants and animals in salt marshes accumulates over time in low-oxygen conditions, limiting the CO2 emissions from the normal […]

Blue Carbon Seagrass Mapping in Canada and the United States: British Columbia, Washington and Oregon

Eelgrass (Zostera marina) is a seagrass and the primary rooted marine plant found in the coastal waters of the Pacific Northwest (which, for this study, will be taken as comprising the US states of Oregon and Washington, and the Canadian province of British Columbia). Unlike algae, it is a rooted plant and it traps, accumulates […]

Seagrass Sediment Sampling Protocol and Field Study

Carbon that is stored in coastal and marine ecosystems is referred to as ‘blue carbon’. Blue carbon stocks (or carbon storage) have only recently been acknowledged as globally significant (Fourqurean et al. 2012). Meta-analyses reveal that blue carbon habitats, in particular mangroves, seagrass meadows and salt marshes, play a disproportionally large role in carbon sequestration […]