NAPECA Project

Community-level integrated landscape management networks for climate resilience

Organization: Foro para el Desarrollo Sustentable, A.C.
Location: El Palmar, Trembladeras, El Faisan en Centla, Tabasco, Mexico & Las Merceditas, Constitucion Ciutalapa, Francisco I. Madero, Chiapas, Mexico
Country: Mexico
Other Organizations Involved: National Commission of Protected Natural Areas (Conanp); Centla Wetlands Biosphere Reserve; El Ocote Forest Biosphere Reserve; the municipalities of Centla (Tabasco) and Cintalapa (Chiapas); the Palmar, El Faisán and Tembladeras ejidos, in Tabasco, and the Las Merceditas, Francisco I. Madero and Constitución ejidos, in Chiapas; Biodiversity, Environment, Soil and Water (Biodiversidad, Medio Ambiente, Suelo y Agua, A.C.—BioMASA); the Autonomous University of Ciudad del Carmen (Unacar); the Environmental and Civil Protection authorities of the state governments of Chiapas and Tabasco

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Completed landscape management

Background

Located in protected natural areas of two ecological corridors of great importance for conserving biodiversity in tropical regions of southeastern Mexico, many rural and Indigenous communities exist in conditions of high social and environmental vulnerability, given the increased intensity and frequency of extreme climate events, such as forest fires, intense precipitation and winds, floods and droughts in recent years. Furthermore, anthropogenic pressures on ecosystems arising from unsustainable farming and ranching practices (the principal means of local subsistence), in addition to ongoing land conflicts, have provoked habitat loss and fragmentation, erosion and land-use changes, thereby limiting or altering ecosystemic services fundamental to addressing extreme climate events in the region. As a consequence, these factors have generated greater poverty and inequality.

The project proposes to increase the resilience to extreme climate events of six rural communities in the municipalities of Centla (Tabasco) and Cintalapa (Chiapas), Mexico, through the implementation of nature-based solutions and the formation of territorial networks to coordinate local management of climate risk. The idea is to capitalize on local practices and knowledge to promote adaptation, as well as on the community restoration, conservation and integrated management of the landscape, which some groups have already implemented, with elements of ecological restoration, comprehensive fire management, and implementing silvapastoral systems, which translate into greater ecological connectivity, improved environments and living conditions, and the preservation of local knowledge and practices. The model is characterized by a vision of community participation and local governance through community networks and linkages with governmental authorities and is based on providing workshops to build local capacities in relation to climate risk management, extreme events warning systems and disaster prevention.

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Results