This paper examines issues related to the use of energy inputs in the manufacture of cement clinker and cement in Mexico, Canada and the US since implementation of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) in 1994.
Cement manufacturing is a key—and growing—industry in all three countries, and a major user of energy. In recent years, trade and investment between the three NAFTA countries have increased in this important sector of the economy. As part of this increased production, trade and investment in cement manufacturing, decisions have been made about the type of energy used to fuel the kilns where the cement clinker is produced.
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