Human Influence on Terrestrial Ecosystems

Map type: Human Influence

This map shows the direct influence of humans on terrestrial ecosystems across North America.

The Human Influence Index (HII) is based on population density, built-up areas, roads, railroads, navigable rivers, coastlines, land use/land cover, and nighttime lights.

HII values range from 0 to 64, with 0 representing no human influence and 64 representing maximum human influence, based on all eight measures of human influence.

The data layer was compiled by the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and the Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN).

Source: The Last of the Wild, Version Two. 2005. Global human influence index (HII). Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), and Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN).

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