Montreal, 7 January 2021—On 17 December 2020, the Mexican Center for Environmental Law and the Center for Biological Diversity filed the first submission under Chapter 24 of the new United States- Mexico-Canada trade agreement (USMCA/CUSMA) with the Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC). The Submitters assert that Mexico is failing to effectively enforce its environmental laws with respect to the conservation of the loggerhead turtle along the Pacific coastline of Mexico.
More specifically, the Submitters assert that the Mexican Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources and other environmental agencies are failing to effectively enforce provisions aimed at the protection of the loggerhead turtle outlined in the General Law of Ecological Equilibrium and Environmental Protection and the General Wildlife Law, among other national laws and international treaties. The submission asserts that despite a nationally designated area for the conservation of marine turtles, mortality reports have been rising. This mortality has been linked to fishing, collision with ships, ingestion of marine litter, and the presence of toxic contaminants.
The Secretariat will review the submission and determine whether it meets the requirements of USMCA’s Article 24.27(2) and (3).
The CEC Submissions on Enforcement Matters process supports public participation, information-sharing between governments and the public, and transparency and openness in the effective enforcement of environmental law in North America. If you have reason to believe that an environmental law is not being effectively enforced by Canada, Mexico or the United States, the SEM process may address your concerns.
As of 1 July 2020, the CEC’s SEM process is governed by USMCA Articles 24.27 and 24.28 of the Environment Chapter of the free trade agreement between Canada, Mexico and the United States (CUSMA, T-MEC, USMCA).
Want to learn more about the SEM process? Please watch this two-minute video for an introduction: