Montreal, 2 November 2021—The Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC), together with the Trinational Monarch Conservation Science Partnership, is pleased to announce the results of the fifth annual International Monarch Monitoring Blitz (Monarch Blitz), which occurred between 23 July and 1 August 2021.
More than 2,000 volunteers across 80 states and provinces in North America shared 4,293 observations of monarch butterflies and milkweed plants, the highest level of participation ever recorded since the first Monarch Blitz in 2017 (see graph).
“We are delighted to witness so much enthusiasm for the event again this year. It is a testimony of incredible support of North Americans for our beloved monarch butterfly, as we mark the fifth anniversary of this trinational effort,” declared Alessandro Dieni, Mission Monarch Coordinator at the Montreal Space for Life Insectarium.
For 10 days, 2,078 volunteers in Canada, Mexico and the United States helped monarch specialists gain information, not only on the density and the distribution of this emblematic butterfly but also on its host plant: milkweed (Asclepias, spp.). Nearly 50,000 milkweed plants were recorded, drawing an interesting portrait of the monarch’s reproductive habitat during the summer.
“It is essential to know the availability of habitat for monarch reproduction to effectively prioritize and direct conservation actions. Monarch Blitz participants have increased this knowledge by recording locations of milkweed and monarch butterflies across North America, including areas where data have previously been limited (see figure). The geographic coverage of the Monarch Blitz data is remarkable and extremely valuable, and I hope it continues to grow in future years,” said Laura Lukens, National Monitoring Coordinator at Monarch Joint Venture.
In addition, the participation and engagement of volunteers continues to grow year after year, and experts believe that the Monarch Blitz database, due almost exclusively to community scientists, will achieve the original goal set for the Monarch Blitz by the Trinational Monarch Conservation Science Partnership: a rigorous estimation of the size of the summer breeding population, similar to what is done with the overwintering populations in central Mexico and coastal California.
Furthermore, the caterpillar-to-milkweed ratio extrapolated from these observations will inform experts on the potential number of monarchs that will eventually undertake this impressive southern migration, since the caterpillars surveyed during the Blitz are very likely the butterflies that will cluster together in Mexico to pass the winter.
The information collected will aid researchers to identify priority areas in which to apply measures for monarch conservation. And thanks to this engaged community of monarch observers, monarch researchers will soon be able to analyze trends in the sizes of summer breeding populations. Note that the data collected are available for interested parties to consult and download at the Trinational Monarch Knowledge Network.
This year’s Monarch Blitz exemplifies not only the resilience of the monarch butterfly, but also the resilience and devotion of citizens across North America. Their concerted efforts to learn more about monarch behavior will help actions to create conditions for the monarch butterfly to thrive.
To know this year’s results in more detail, follow #MonarchBlitz on social media. You can also profit by learning more about the participating programs, below:
Media Contact – CEC
850 319 3954
Media Contact – Insectarium | Montréal Space for Life
514 868 4840
The Blitz is an initiative of the Trinational Monarch Conservation Science Partnership, which includes the following organizations:
Comisión Nacional de Áreas Naturales Protegidas
The National Commission of Natural Protected Areas (Conanp) is an agency of the federal government of Mexico in charge of the administration of natural protected areas. @GobiernoMX
Insectarium | Montréal Space for Life
The Montreal Space for Life Insectarium is one of the most important museums in North America entirely dedicated to insects, immersing humans into the insect universe. @EspacePourLaVie
Journey North is a crowdsourced, community science program that engages people from across North America in tracking migration and seasonal change to foster scientific understanding, environmental awareness and the land ethic. Journey North is a program of the University of Wisconsin, Madison, Arboretum. @journeynorth.org
Science and Technology Branch – Wildlife Research and Landscape Science Directorate, Environment and Climate Change Canada
The Wildlife Research Division of the Wildlife Landscape Science Directorate is a national leader on research investigating the impacts of human activity on wildlife, including the mechanisms behind population declines of species at risk. @ECCCSciTech
The Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC) was established in 1994 by the governments of Canada, Mexico and the United States through the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation, a parallel environmental agreement to NAFTA. As of 2020, the CEC is recognized and maintained by the Environmental Cooperation Agreement, in parallel with the new Free Trade Agreement of North America. The CEC brings together a wide range of stakeholders, including the general public, Indigenous people, youth, nongovernmental organizations, academia, and the business sector, to seek solutions to protect North America’s shared environment while supporting sustainable development for the benefit of present and future generations
The CEC is governed and funded equally by the Government of Canada through Environment and Climate Change Canada, the Government of the United States of Mexico through the Secretaría de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales, and the Government of the United States of America through the Environmental Protection Agency.